It is painful and heart-breaking to see what the communities in Iran are going through, witnessing an accelerated increase in executions in recent months, forcing a number of experts and specialists to contemplate the causes of this tragedy and examine it thoroughly to reach its motives. It turns out that dissatisfaction with living conditions is the primary cause of suicide in Iran, and studies have shown that grievances with the reality of life in Iran is due to the severity of the poverty and despairing of any improvement to the situation due to the poor policies of the mullahs’ regime in the management of the country internally and externally. The link between high suicide rates and poverty has made the phenomenon of suicide so alarming that it was described as a tsunami by some of the Mullah’s regime leaders, which is a clear indication of their failure to run the country and the possibility of a movement or popular revolution arising that could depose Khomeini from running the country.
This phenomenon is growing dramatically and its victims are picked from all walks of life; spanning age and career, children, young men, women and the elderly, from a labourer to a soldier, students to the unemployed; they have filled the pages of the media with daily news about suicides being committed in a variety of ways in Iran. For instance, the world has been stunned with the news of a pregnant Iranian woman’s suicide when she set fire to herself in the city of Vasa, as well as the suicide of a soldier working in one of the Iranian prisons because of the terrifying torture methods being used against prisoners that he saw.
One of the most horrific scenes of suicide in Iran concerns a man named “Jawad”. An elderly man at the age of 65, he killed himself, and after the body was found, a letter was discovered in his pocket explaining the reason for his suicide, which was the lack of ability to secure money for his medical treatment.
Another such example is the story of a farmer in the prime of his youth, Hojjatollah Sherwani, who hanged himself because of his poverty, the severity of his destitution, and his inability to secure his livelihood. Further comparable subjects would be the girl who threw herself off the Vilayet Bridge in Tehran, and another girl, aged 14 years, in the Mousavi region, who committed suicide by hanging herself. Another worker named Behzad Alipour also committed suicide at age 30 by hanging himself in the Sanandaj area because of his inability to secure the costs of living, therefore, deciding to escape the bitter situation produced by his country’s policies as he saw no difference between life and death. One night, two sisters threw themselves from the Shariati Bridge in Dezful, one of them dying there while the other was rescued by bystanders present at the time.
The most dangerous of all is the spread of suicide to the military barracks. Iranian press reports including the Arman newspaper have mentioned soldiers committing suicide in Iran, and have given the names for a number of these suicides. They reported that a soldier in Ahvaz recently shot himself, and such cases have occurred several times in several military zones in Iran. A soldier in the Rehabilitation Center “Madavan Yasuj” opened fire on three other soldiers, killing them and then shooting himself. The same incident repeated itself in the reform centre of “Shehrmeduan” as well as other areas. Factors and causes for soldiers committing suicide in Iran are come down to psychological problems; mental illness, fear of military life, fear for their family’s security, and the negative view held towards soldiers; and in some cases even the refusal of soldiers to serve the Iranian regime.
All Iranian cities are experiencing with high rates such suicide stories. Suicide rates have risen in Iran during the past ten years, six times, until suicide became a normal phenomenon can be seen on a daily basis in various regions in Iran.
Without doubt, unemployment is considered one of the major causes for suicides in Iran, which is why experts and officials are warning of the risk of unemployment that is increasing every day. In an unverified statistic, the Health Minister of Iran, Hassan Hashemi, announced that 4055 person have killed themselves in a matter of one year, while if we only observe Iranian newspapers on a daily basis, we would discover that the number is much higher than this figure which the Iranian government is declaring. The spread of social diseases and mental disorders can be considered as the second largest reasons for the spread of the phenomenon of suicide in Iran. According to the statements of the Assistant Minister of Health of Iran, Ali Akbar Sayari, 23% of the Iranian people suffer from psychological disorders and the most common ones are depression and anxiety and that 95% of Iranians are suffering life pressures.
The growing number of suicides has become a concern for officials in Iran. The President of the Social Welfare Organization of Iran, Onoshiroan Mohseni Bandabe, has expressed his concern many times about the growing number of executions in Iran and also revealed that women’s desire to commit suicide had risen to two-fold when compared to men, and said: last year there was a 4240 case of a failed suicide, including 2800 women and 1,440 men, and added that the suicide rate in Iran has reached six out of every one hundred thousand people. Habibullah Masoudi Farid, Bandabe’s deputy says that about 4200 person have returned to life after attempting suicide during the past year, including 2800 women and 1400 men.
Signs of public outcry have appeared after the disclosure of the wealth of the Iranian regime main figures which have exceeded hundreds of billions of dollars. Khamenei, for example, his wealth only has exceeded a hundred billion US dollars, while Iranian citizen flees the bitterness of living and the hardness of live to the ropes of gallows to escape poverty and harsh living conditions.
Al Mezmaah Studies & Research Centre
15 November 2016